In recent years, many farmers have used chicken cages to raise chickens on a large scale, but generally do not understand farming policies and are not familiar with farming techniques. In order to avoid blindness, the majority of farmers are reminded to pay attention to the following aspects before building scale farms.
1 breeding projects should be selected
The principle of “market-oriented, efficiency-centered” must be followed when determining aquaculture projects. Whether it is conventional farming (pig, cattle, sheep, poultry, rabbits, etc.) or special breeding (such as wild boar, pheasant, porcupine, bamboo rat, etc.), preliminary investigations should be conducted to analyze the market prospects. At the same time, according to the local natural resources conditions, according to local conditions, choose the appropriate breeding project.
2 The scale of breeding should be moderate
Advocate moderate scale operations, and determine the scale according to natural conditions, funding sources, technical level, and labor capacity. In general, the scale of rural household farming is 500 to 1,000 pigs per year (cage), 50 to 100 beef cattle, 100 to 300 meat sheep, 10 000 to 50 000 feathers for broilers (duck), and 5,000 to 10,000 chickens. Feather is appropriate.
3 Site selection should meet the requirements
Farm site selection should meet the requirements of local urban development planning and land use planning. The following areas should be avoided: livestock and poultry ban areas and restricted areas; geological hazard-prone areas; industrial contaminated areas, mining areas, etc. It should be kept away from traffic routes, urban residential areas, bazaars, livestock and poultry products processing plants, and harmless treatment sites for sick and dead animals. The traffic conditions are convenient, the power is sufficient and reliable, and the water source is sufficient; the site is high in dryness, well drained, leeward sunny, and slightly gentle.
4 Construction layout should be standardized
The layout of the field (district) should conform to the relevant standards and regulations, so that “three districts are separated” (production area, living management area, and sewage treatment area are clearly separated), “rain and sewage diversion” (rainwater ditches and sewers are divided), net The road and the dirt are separated. Livestock houses should be built in the direction of the wind or the wind in the residential area. The production area and living area should be built in the upwind direction of the dominant wind direction in summer. The fecal sewage treatment facilities and the harmless treatment area of sick and dead pigs are built in the downwind direction, and the areas are separated by green belts or fences. The orientation of the livestock houses is generally north-south orientation, and there should be a reasonable spacing between the buildings in the production area (generally more than 5 m).
5 facilities and equipment to be matched
Disinfection equipment is installed at the entrance of the site; the production area has good lighting and ventilation facilities; there is a veterinary room (with vaccine refrigeration equipment, disinfection and diagnosis and treatment equipment, etc.), or a veterinary institution provides corresponding services; Scale-appropriate and harmless treatment, sewage and sewage treatment facilities and equipment; relatively independent introduction of animal isolation and isolation of sick animals. building scale farms